His role in launching Cubism would be enough to cement his status in the history books, but Picasso did much more. ... Paris / Museum of Modern Art, New York. Then in the 1870s Cassatt exhibited her paintings along with other Impressionists, though much of her work was rejected, perhaps because of her gender. Many of O’Keeffe’s flowers resemble female genitalia, particularly Series 1, No. A French post-Impressionist artist who painted in the Primitive or Naïve style, to the point of being ridiculed (some critics referred to his paintings as childish). Most were already considered geniuses during their lifetimes and enjoyed unparalleled success, while others weren't acknowledged until after their death. Over-the-top sexually, for the time, some of these masterpieces were considered pornographic. Her work examines women’s roles throughout history and in contemporary society, and can be related to other modern artists and their abstract paintings of faces. Rothko’s paintings have sold for millions of dollars in recent decades. Monalisa, Guernica, The starry night, and many more. A rack of cambell soup cans or an American flag is not art to me. Rousseau, a self-taught artist, painted dozens of jungle scenes during his career. His artwork has inspired many hip-hop artists such as Jay-Z. Also, shortly before his death in 1989, he said, “When you are a genius, you do not have the right to die, because we are necessary for the progress of humanity.”, The Love Embrace of the Universe by Frida Kahlo. An alcoholic, who often insulted people when drunk, Pollock tried using art to help him get sober, but he never succeeded for long, dying in an alcohol-induced car crash in 1956, age 44. Anyway, maybe not his greatest painting, though almost certainly his most famous, Guernica depicts Picasso’s reaction to the bombing of the town of Guernica during German and Italian aerial bombing in the Spanish Civil War. Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dalí, Certainly one of the most eccentric, narcissistic artists of all time, Salvador Dalí once said, “I am not strange. Camille Pissarro was a pioneer of French Impressionism and neo-Impressionism; in fact, he was the only painter to show his work at all Paris Impressionism exhibitions from 1874 to 1886. Generally considered the pioneer of abstract art, Wassily Kandinsky grew up in Moscow, where he created his Composition series, which comprised 10 paintings, the number seven of which Kandinsky called the “most complex piece he ever created.” Then in 1922 he moved to Germany, where he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture, until 1933 when the Nazis closed the school and confiscated the first three of Kandinsky’s compositions, labeling them as “degenerative art” - and then destroyed them. Now let’s begin the countdown for the 45 Greatest Paintings of Modern Art! Movements. While in school she developed a bohemian lifestyle and embraced feminism. One of the few pieces I had never seen previously. Also painted by such as artists as Titian and Rembrandt, Danaë was a symbol of divine love and transcendence. But there are some who stand just a hair above the rest and have created a lasting legacy that endures well beyond their lifetime. Small wonder it has become one of the most recognized paintings in the history of artistic expression. Her intimate depictions showing even the most ordinary moments in motherhood was revolutionary at the time and had helped forge her legacy. Battle of the Lights, Coney Island by Joseph Stella. 8, which brings to mind a woman's vulva; however, O’Keeffe denied this intension. Poker Game is one of 16 in a series of calendar paintings Coolidge produced in the early 1900s. The world's museums, churches, cathedrals, and even private homes, are filled with some extraordinary creations by some of the world's greatest minds and talents. Musée d'Orsay (Buy tickets) Turner (1775 to 1851), whose work was decidedly Impressionistic toward the end of his career, could get a vote or two as the first Impressionistic painter in the world. Be that as it may, during the late 1930s and into the ‘40s, Stella’s painting style became more realistic and baroque, which didn’t fit the modernist - much less avant-garde - mold, so the art world forgot about him. This work of blatant commercialism riled proponents of Abstract Impressionism, which had ruled American art since the 1940s. I've never understood why so many people like the Sistine's Chapel, I've always found it to be quantity over quality, especially when you're talking about the man who made this. Website. Ways to support us. Not just a painter, Miró was also a great sculptor and ceramicist and also produced multi-media works and even tapestries. Because of the popularity of the Warhol’s soup cans and other commercial images, he became the most famous artist of Pop Art, as his artworks were the highest-priced of any living American artist. That Stella piece is astonishing. Visit My Modern Met Media. Van Gogh’s usage of swirls in this nocturne is perhaps its most appealing aspect. Swiss artist Paul Klee, whose painting style encompassed Expressionism, Cubism and Surrealism, published the Paul Klee Notebooks in 1920s’ Germany. Considered a Color Field painting, No 1 Royal Red and Blue is a huge painting with a vertical format and no frame. If you make a purchase, My Modern Met may earn an affiliate commission. After World War II, de Kooning and many other American painters such as Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko founded the New York School of Abstract Expressionism. Painting in the new Pop Art style championed by Andy Warhol and James Rosenquist, Roy Lichtenstein’s career went meteoric in the early 1960s when he began showing his paintings at the Leo Castelli Gallery in NYC. Modern Art Museum. Art historian John Reward called him the “dean of Impressionist painters,” because he was the oldest in the group and had a pleasant, affable personality. Her highly intimate series of self-portraits and her embracement of her cultural heritage are just some of the things that make Frida Kahlo one of the greatest painters of the 20th century. Rousseau’s work influenced numerous avant-garde artists such as Jean Hugo, Max Beckmann, Pablo Picasso and Jean Metzinger. Willem de Kooning was a Dutch-born painter who moved to the US in the 1920s and began painting in 1928, doing mostly figurative works. The Greatest Painters in Western History. Of course, reclining nudes have been popular subjects throughout the classical tradition, as well as in modernist paintings, the works of Matisse and Manet coming to mind. In fact, his signature triangular composition is still used today and is widely considered one of the most visually pleasing painting layouts. By the way, the scene used for Nighthawks was a diner in Greenwich Village, demolished years ago. It would have been interesting if you had inserted a poll as to which one was the favorite painting of your readers. Danaë features the young woman of Greek mythology who, while locked in a tower by her father, was visited by Zeus and later gave birth to Perseus. These are a collection of his lectures for the Bauhaus schools in Germany and are considered as important to modern art as was Leonardo da Vinci’s art was to the Renaissance and Isaac Newton’s work was to physics. I am not a fan of modern art in general. Kelley Marks (author) from Sacramento, California on June 05, 2019: Thanks for the comment, Jack Lee. Brooklyn Museum (Buy tickets). Regarding Ensor’s controversial artwork, one critic wrote, “Ensor is a dangerous person who has great changes and is consequently marked for blows. Rubbing elbows with the avant-garde in Paris, she turned away from Impressionism—the popular style of the time—and focused on blazing her own trail. An Austrian painter, Gustav Klimt painted in the Symbolist style, which emphasized spirituality and imagination, as opposed to realism and naturalism. Regarded as one of the greatest artists of all time, he is well known for his two remarkable paintings: The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Photograph: Courtesy the Museum of Modern Art, NY. As part of the Impressionist group, Mary Cassatt had a significant role in shaping the movement's legacy. The prove of the pudding for me is, if a child of 8 can make the same painting, it is not art. MoMA The Museum of Modern Art. In 2006, Woman III sold for $137.5 million, at the time the fourth most expensive painting ever sold! Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (Buy tickets) Van Gogh Museum (Buy tickets) So, on the… Joseph Stella was an Italian-American who specialized in Futurist painting in the early 1900s. Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) (Buy tickets) This is a personal selection of the ten greatest works of all time. One of the forerunners of Pop Art, which arose in British and American art galleries in the 1950s, Andy Warhol was the first artist to produce paintings of soup cans and other mundane American household products. Art history has always been of great interest to Kelley. :). Though relatively few Michelangelo paintings survive, those that do are considered some of the best in the world. He's read many books and articles on the subject. 10 Greatest works of art of all time. Coolidge is credited with creating this motif, which he also used to paint dogs playing pool. But Victory Boogie Woogie is a livelier, more optimistic piece than his earlier, austere paintings, signifying a revolutionary change in his abstraction. I agree on Van Gogh, his ability to express the tension and conflict of his soul through paint is amazing, there's fight in that paint! He is known for being a founder of the Cubist movement, for being a co-inventor of the collage, and for paving the way for modern art. Many great works and amazing facts! Reina Sofia Museum (Buy tickets) Manet, whose work bridged the gap between realism and Impressionism in the 1860s, began his artistic career by copying the work of Old Masters in the Louvre in Paris. So who are the greatest painters of all time? It is undisciplined. While flower painting is a long-held tradition, no one had ever done it quite like O'Keeffe. Alexander James Guckenberger from Maryland, United States of America on November 14, 2018: Kelley Marks (author) from Sacramento, California on November 14, 2018: Thanks for the comment, Alexander! Nevertheless, Monet is often called the Father of Impressionism. Despite having polio and being seriously injured in a traffic accident at 18, for which she suffered medical problems the rest of her life, Frida Kahlo had an impressive career as a Mexican Surrealist painter (or Magical Realist, painters using realism with fantasy elements added). Musée d'Orsay (Buy tickets) National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. (Visit) Astonishingly, The Models shows three young female models in a state of undress, and included in the upper left background of the piece is part of Seurat’s famous painting - A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. Filled with dramatic brushstrokes and bold color, the Post-Impressionist painter's artwork is a roadmap to modern art. Explore our picks of the top paintings of all time by famous artists such as Jan Van Eyck, Seurat and Edward Hopper Luncheon of the Boating Party shows life as it was in those halcyon days in France; in fact, the woman playing with the dog on the left is Renior’s future wife, and the others are his many friends, including painter Gustave Caillebotte (lower right). In the early 1900s, Marcel Duchamp rejected what was known as retinal art and instead hoped to produce art that challenged the mind. Fitzwilliam Museum (Visit), Vincent van Gogh, “Starry Night,” 1889 (Photo: Public domain via Wikimedia Commons). Around 1900 Matisse became a leader of the Fauves (French for wild beasts), that is, painters who emphasized painterly values and the bold use of color, sometimes in a dissonant way, and relied less on representation or realism. 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