No information available. all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. Serviceberry is considered a derivative of sarvisberry, which in turn comes from a Latin word for a European tree with similar-looking fruit. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. orioles) eat the fruit of Amelanchier species. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E, Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. The ample flowers and pollen resources attract pollinators in the spring. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. The berries begin to take shape through May and ripen in late spring to early summer (June). KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF DOWNY SERVICEBERRY White blooms in early spring attract pollinators and provide a pop against bare branches. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) – One of the first plants to burst into bloom each year, this small woody tree gets its name from the downy silvery-colored leaves.The “serviceberry” refers to the Appalachian tradition of honoring memorial services for the dead in January at the same time the serviceberry blooms in clouds of tiny white flowers. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. Powdery mildew, rust and leaf spot may also occur. Irrigate when the top 3 or 4 inches (7.5-10 cm.) The fruit ripens unevenly over a period of 2 - 3 weeks and is very attractive to birds, this makes harvesting them … I often see them growing along streams and rivers. Edible Parts: Fruit Edible Uses: Edible fruit - raw or cooked[3, 55, 101, 159]. Delicate clusters of white flowers are some of the first to appear in the spring, then plumy-red leaf buds unfurl into fuzzy roundedfoliage. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. Native to Canada. Filed Under: Blog Tagged With: Fruit, Native Plants, Native Species, Serviceberry, 206 North Randolph Street, Suite 400 - Champaign, Illinois 61820 217-840-2128. These leaves change to a brilliant gold to red in the fall. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. Downy Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea, also called Downy Juneberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25 feet tall in cultivation but can reach 40 feet in the wild. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. This Missouri native tree offers edible small berry-like fruit, usually quickly eaten by birds, that changes color throughout the seasons. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. June berries are prized by wildlife and edible by humans. At this point in the year (beginning of June) I would recommend waiting for fall to plant new trees or shrubs. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. Although they will grow well in both part shade and full sun, planting in full sun is recommended if you want the best tasting and largest harvest of fruit. Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. The Downy Serviceberry (. ) For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (, https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG. Edible fruit Fragrance Shade Wildlife Food Source Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Mildly resistant to deer damage Edibility: Tasty fruits, similar in flavor to blueberries, edible raw or cooked. The summer can stress the tree in long stretches of no rainfall. A slightly smaller tree, this serviceberry has similar features to the downy serviceberry. Cole’s Select apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. The Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. These tend to grow to a large shrub size with lots of purple edible berries that are similar to blueberries. And this lovely tree leaves you with a nice silvery gray bark for the winter months. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. These become sweetly fragrant white blooms in the spring (April). YES. https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree, https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs, Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E). The berries change from green, to pink, to red, and then a dark purple when they are fully ripe. ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. The early summer berries are edible by both humans and wildlife. is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. Good for baked goods and jams. Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Throughout the summer the serviceberry has beautiful full medium sided simple leaves. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. The fruit is good to eat but is not as juicy as some (drier). The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The best time to apply mulch is in the early spring. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. Sam Bahr, photographer Amelanchier alnifolia, the saskatoon, Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States.Historically, it was also called pigeon berry. The flowers are white, fragrant and followed by red-purple fruit. is a small deciduous tree or shrub with attractive white spring blossoms, that provides year-round interest in the landscape, as well as producing edible fruits. by Erin Harper, University of Illinois Extension. In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. Robin Hill apple serviceberry   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. - 25 ft. 0 in. If you are growing this tree to attract wildlife this is not a problem, it is a blessing. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. Trees and shrubs can be planted in the spring or the fall. Tolerates a wide range of conditions. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. The serviceberry is in the rose family so it can suffer from the same type of problems as roses do. Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Similar … layer of mulch around the plant to help with moisture retention and to add a decorative effect. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. When the berries start to ripen the birds will eat the berries. Be on the lookout for Japanese beetles, spider mites, aphids and leaf miners, as well as borers. Dimensions: Height: 15 ft. 0 in. The native downy serviceberry produces a small red fruit edible for people and wildlife. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) It can be eaten out of hand, used in pies, preserves etc or dried and used like raisins[183]. Some people, such as Maritimers, call them shadbush which points to their blooms coming at the same time as the run of an Atlantic coast shad fish. Harvested serviceberry fruit can be a delightful treat and growing serviceberry trees is easy to do. ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. Fragrant white flowers open in mid-spring, followed by red-purple fruit. Other names: French name: Amélanchier arborescent. Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. Trees planted in humid climates will require less water than those in dry climates. A member of the genus Amelanchier, serviceberries reward homeowners with a spectacular display of showy white flowers that look like lilacs in the spring, attractive fall foliage and pretty gray bark. Width: 15 ft. 0 in. For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. Habitat. Forest Prince apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. However, its fruit turns purplish-black at maturity and are also quite delicious. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. While all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. Arbor walk #40. These plants are hardy from zone 4 to 9. In my experience, there are plenty of berries to feed myself and still leave a lot for the birds. There are several cultivars that have been bred to accentuate these various features. Reaching from six to twenty feet (2-6 m.) or more at maturity, serviceberries grow in United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) growing zones 2 through 9. Downy Serviceberry. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (https://nchfp.uga.edu/how/freeze.html). The fruit has a few small seeds at the centre, some forms are dry and tasteless[11, 177, 227] whilst others are sweet and juicy[183, 227]. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. Range map for Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). Since the serviceberry can be a shrub or a small tree you need to have your end shape in mind from the very start. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. Noteworthy Characteristics. Mammals that either eat the fruit or browse the twigs and leaves of downy serviceberry include squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, mice, voles, foxes, black bears, deer, and elk. ), also called Juneberry, are native here. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) Serviceberries are trees or bushes, depending on cultivar, with a beautiful natural shape and edible fruit. Inspect the tree for deadwood, diseased wood and crossed branches. Care of serviceberries planted in sandy soils requires more frequent watering, as it drains quicker than loamy soil. And don’t forget sorbet, pudding, wine, fruit leather, or syrup. Some people think it tastes like blueberries, and they are also a bird favorite. Edible fruit - raw or cooked[101, 227]. Be sure to dispose of infected limbs properly; don’t put them in the compost pile. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. (https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree ; https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs). The fruit contains a few small seeds at the centre, it has a sweet flavour with a hint of apple[1, 2]. The tree averages 25 feet in height and 30 feet in width. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Small dark red fruit follows in summer. If you have newly planted trees (3-5 years) be sure to water your trees during the drier times of the year. Serviceberries require pruning yearly; late winter or early spring is best before the new leaves appear. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. Fall is also the time of year plants put energy into their root system growth so this is perfect for establishing new plants. Phonetic Spelling am-uh-LAN-kee-er ar-bor-EE-ah Description. Fall colour ranges from orange to rust. The plants are slightly different, as are the fruit, but as a whole, they’re all pretty similar wild edible berries. Occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Description: Plant Size: Generally … With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. If you are growing this tree for a food source for yourself, you will want to keep a close eye on the berries ripening and harvest them quickly. Fall planted trees (September-October) will have time to take up water and establish before winter. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. There’s a lot of overlap and interbreeding, along with variation within species. Making it a cold and heat hardy serviceberry. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (, ). Well, Downy serviceberry is that plant. Sign up for our newsletter. The most flavorful amelanchier is the Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia). Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Serviceberry (Amelanchierspp.) They are all edible although, with local conditions such as soil and weather dictating their exact taste and juiciness. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). Native. ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. It starts out green, turns red, then blue-black in June. The classification of serviceberries is actually a bit confusing, and even botanists will disagree on exact species names. Noteworthy Characteristics. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. - 25 ft. 0 in. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. Downy Serviceberry. Because service berries are native they don’t have many insect pressures or diseases a healthy tree can’t fight through. Fruit production can suffer from the very start 6 to 30 feet in height out the Fill! 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